California Enacts Digital Financial Assets Law


On October 13, 2023, California passed a significant law known as the Digital Financial Assets Law. This legislation marks California's first comprehensive framework for regulating digital asset markets. The law introduces new requirements for crypto companies and others operating in the digital financial asset space. In this article, we will explore the key provisions of the law and its potential impact on the industry.

Key Definitions

Before delving into the details of the Digital Financial Assets Law, it is essential to understand some key terms and their definitions. The law defines "digital financial asset" as digital mediums of exchange, units of account, or stores of value. However, it explicitly excludes certain types of transactions, such as those involving merchant affinity or rewards programs, digital representations of value used within online games, and registered securities.

The term "digital financial asset business activity" refers to activities that trigger the law's licensing requirement. This includes exchanging, transferring, or storing digital financial assets, engaging in digital financial asset administration, and holding electronic precious metals on behalf of others. It also encompasses the exchange of digital representations of value used within online games for digital financial assets or legal tender.

Stablecoins, another important concept within the law, are defined as digital financial assets pegged to the US dollar or another national currency. These stablecoins are marketed in a way that creates a reasonable expectation of stability in their value.

Regulation and Enforcement

The Digital Financial Assets Law grants broad enforcement power to the California Department of Financial Protection and Innovation (DFPI). The DFPI now has the authority to bring enforcement actions against individuals or entities engaged in digital financial business activity. However, there have been calls for greater clarity in the law, as some consider its current scope to be too broad and vague.

Impact on Exchanges

The law introduces several requirements for exchanges operating in the digital financial asset space. Exchanges must assess the likelihood of listed assets being classified as securities by federal or California regulators. They are also obligated to provide full disclosure of material facts related to conflicts of interest associated with listed assets. Additionally, exchanges must conduct comprehensive risk assessments to protect consumers from cybersecurity risks, malfeasance, and market-related risks. They must establish policies and procedures for evaluating the appropriateness of listing assets and provide notifications to affected consumers and counterparties when necessary. Finally, exchanges are expected to ensure favorable exchange rates for consumers under prevailing market conditions.

Impact on Stablecoins

The DFPI has discretionary power in approving stablecoins for exchange, transfer, or storage. When evaluating stablecoin issuers, the DFPI considers the assets owned or held by the issuer that could be used to fund redemption requests. The law also enables the DFPI commissioner to require stablecoin issuers to obtain licenses to protect the interests of residents using stablecoins for payments or as a store of value. To promote consumer protection, stablecoin issuers must always own eligible securities with a market value equal to or greater than the total value of their outstanding stablecoins.

Streamlined Licensure for Bitlicense Holders

Companies or individuals holding a New York Bitlicense or limited purpose trust company charter with approval to conduct virtual currency business in New York before January 1, 2023, may be eligible for conditional licenses under the Digital Financial Assets Law. These conditional licenses are granted if all required information has been provided and all other licensure requirements have been met.


The Digital Financial Assets Law represents a significant step forward in California's regulation of digital asset markets. By introducing licensing requirements and defining key terms, the law aims to provide clarity and consumer protection in the digital financial asset space. As the industry continues to evolve, it is crucial for companies and individuals operating in this space to familiarize themselves with the law's provisions and ensure compliance.

What are your thoughts on California's Digital Financial Assets Law? Share your opinions in the comments below.

Frequently Asked Questions

What are the benefits to having a gold IRA

The best way to save money for retirement is to place it in an Individual Retirement Account. You can withdraw it at any time, but it is tax-deferred. You have complete control over how much you take out each year. There are many types to choose from when it comes to IRAs. Some are better suited to college savings. Others are designed for investors looking for higher returns. Roth IRAs, for example, allow people to contribute after they turn 59 1/2. They also pay taxes on any earnings when they retire. Once they start withdrawing money, however, the earnings aren’t subject to tax again. This account may be worth considering if you are looking to retire earlier.

An IRA with a gold status is like any other IRA because you can put money into different asset classes. Unlike a regular IRA which requires taxes to be paid on gains as you wait to withdraw them, a IRA with gold allows you to invest in multiple asset classes. People who prefer to save their money and invest it instead of spending it are well-suited for gold IRAs.

You can also enjoy automatic withdrawals, which is another benefit of owning your gold through an IRA. This means that you don't need to worry about making monthly deposits. To make sure you don't miss any payments, you can also set up direct deductions.

Finally, the gold investment is among the most reliable. It is not tied to any country so its value tends stay steady. Even during economic turmoil, gold prices tend to stay relatively stable. Therefore, gold is often considered a good investment to protect your savings against inflation.

What are the advantages of a IRA with a gold component?

There are many benefits to a gold IRA. It's an investment vehicle that lets you diversify your portfolio. You control how much money goes into each account and when it's withdrawn.

You also have the option to transfer funds from other retirement plans into a IRA. This will allow you to transition easily if it is your decision to retire early.

The best thing about investing in gold IRAs is that you don’t need any special skills. These IRAs are available at all banks and brokerage houses. Withdrawals can happen automatically, without any fees or penalties.

There are also drawbacks. Gold is known for being volatile in the past. It is important to understand why you are investing in gold. Are you seeking safety or growth? Is it for security or long-term planning? Only when you are clear about the facts will you be able take an informed decision.

If you are planning to keep your Gold IRA indefinitely you will want to purchase more than one ounce. A single ounce isn't enough to cover all of your needs. You may need several ounces, depending on what you intend to do with your precious gold.

You don't need to have a lot of gold if you are selling it. Even one ounce is enough. These funds won't allow you to purchase anything else.

What is the cost of gold IRA fees

An Individual Retirement Account (IRA) fee is $6 per month. This includes account maintenance fees and investment costs for your chosen investments.

Diversifying your portfolio may require you to pay additional fees. These fees will vary depending upon the type of IRA chosen. Some companies offer free checking accounts, but charge monthly fees to open IRA accounts.

Most providers also charge annual management costs. These fees range from 0% to 1%. The average rate is.25% annually. These rates are usually waived if you use a broker such as TD Ameritrade.

Which precious metals are best to invest in retirement?

The best precious metal investments are gold and silver. Both are easy to sell and can be bought easily. You should add them to your portfolio if you are looking to diversify.

Gold: This is the oldest form of currency that man has ever known. It is stable and very secure. Because of this, it's considered a good way to preserve wealth during times of uncertainty.

Silver: Silver has always been popular among investors. It's an ideal choice for those who prefer to avoid volatility. Unlike gold, silver tends to go up instead of down.

Platinium is another precious metal that is becoming increasingly popular. It's like silver or gold in that it is durable and resistant to corrosion. It's however much more costly than any of its counterparts.

Rhodium. Rhodium is used as a catalyst. It is also used for jewelry making. It's also relatively inexpensive compared to other precious metals.

Palladium: Palladium is similar to platinum, but it's less rare. It's also more accessible. This is why it has become a favourite among investors looking for precious metals.

Can I purchase gold with my self directed IRA?

Your self-directed IRA can be used to purchase gold, but first you need to open an account with a brokerage firm such as TD Ameritrade. You can also transfer funds from another retirement account if you already have one.

Individuals can contribute as much as $5,500 per year ($6,500 if married filing jointly) to a traditional IRA. Individuals are allowed to contribute $1,000 each ($2,000 if married or filing jointly) to a Roth IRA.

You should consider buying physical gold bullion if you decide to invest in it. Futures contracts can be described as financial instruments that are determined by the gold price. They allow you to speculate on future prices without owning the metal itself. But physical bullion refers to real gold and silver bars you can carry in your hand.

Are You Ready to Invest in Gold?

This will depend on how much money and whether you were able to invest in gold at the time that you started saving. Consider investing in both.

In addition to being a safe investment, gold also offers potential returns. Retirees will find it an attractive investment.

Most investments have fixed returns, but gold's volatility is what makes it unique. Because of this, gold's value can fluctuate over time.

But this doesn't mean you shouldn't invest in gold. It just means that you need to factor in fluctuations to your overall portfolio.

Another benefit to gold is its tangible value. Gold is more convenient than bonds or stocks because it can be stored easily. It's also portable.

You can always access gold as long your place it safe. You don't have to pay storage fees for physical gold.

Investing in gold can help protect against inflation. You can hedge against rising costs by investing in gold, which tends to rise alongside other commodities.

It's also a good idea to have a portion your savings invested in something which isn't losing value. Gold usually rises when stocks fall.

Another benefit to investing in gold? You can always sell it. Like stocks, you can sell your position anytime you need cash. You don't even need to wait for your retirement.

If you do decide to invest in gold, make sure to diversify your holdings. Don't put all of your eggs in one basket.

Don't buy too many at once. Start with a few ounces. Continue adding more as necessary.

Keep in mind that the goal is not to quickly become wealthy. Instead, the goal is to accumulate enough wealth that you don't have to rely on Social Security.

While gold may not be the best investment, it can be a great addition to any retirement plan.

Can I have a gold ETF in a Roth IRA

While a 401k may not offer this option for you, it is worth considering other options, such an Individual Retirement Plan (IRA).

Traditional IRAs allow contributions from both the employer and employee. Another option is to invest in publicly traded corporations with an Employee Stockownership Plan (ESOP).

An ESOP offers tax benefits because employees can share in the company stock and any profits that it generates. The money you invest in the ESOP will be taxed at a lower rate than if it were directly held by the employee.

Also available is an Individual Retirement Annuity. An IRA allows for you to make regular income payments during your life. Contributions made to IRAs are not taxable.


  • You can only purchase gold bars at least 99.5% purity. (
  • Indeed, several financial advisers interviewed for this article suggest you invest 5 to 15 percent of your portfolio in gold, just in case. (
  • Contribution limits$6,000 (49 and under) $7,000 (50 and up)$6,000 (49 and under) $7,000 (50 and up)$58,000 or 25% of your annual compensation (whichever is smaller) (
  • Gold is considered a collectible, and profits from a sale are taxed at a maximum rate of 28 percent. (
  • The price of gold jumped 131 percent from late 2007 to September 2011, when it hit a high of $1,921 an ounce, according to the World Gold Council. (

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How To

How to hold physical gold in an IRA

The most obvious way to invest in gold is by buying shares from companies producing gold. But this investment method has many risks as there is no guarantee of survival. Even if they do survive, there is still the possibility of losing money to fluctuating gold prices.

Another option is to purchase physical gold. You will need to either open an online or bank account or simply buy gold from a reliable seller. This option offers the advantages of being able to purchase gold at low prices and easy access (you don’t need to deal directly with stock exchanges). It is also easier to check how much gold you have stored. So you can see exactly what you have paid and if you missed any taxes, you will get a receipt. There's also less chance of theft than investing in stocks.

However, there are disadvantages. You won't get the bank's interest rates or investment money. You won't have the ability to diversify your holdings; you will be stuck with what you purchased. Finally, the taxman might want to know where your gold has been placed! offers more information on buying gold for an IRA.


By: Guest Author
Title: California Enacts Digital Financial Assets Law
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Published Date: Thu, 26 Oct 2023 06:00:15 +0000

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